The sixth generation of Toyota Corolla was launched in its homeland in 1987 under the motto "the beginning of a new history of the Japanese car." The overall style of the exterior has not changed much compared to the fifth generation, although it is worth noting that the car has become a little lower, the angularity of the silhouette has been noticeably smoothed out. To meet the increased power and performance, the suspension was completely modernized, new components were developed, geometry was improved; a more rigid body structure using subframes provided improved handling and stability. Engines of 1.5 liters or more are now 16-valve, with two overhead camshafts.
The top equipment was SE Limited. Power windows and electric mirrors are included in the basic equipment. With the GT package, a digital dashboard and an adjustable TEMS suspension were available for an additional fee. Air conditioning was optionally installed at dealers; it was not provided with standard equipment. A few months after the start of the 6th generation, the Corolla 4WD appeared (before that there were exclusively mono-drive options). Options Limited EFI, introduced in 1988 with the 1.5 injection engine, included, among other things, a rear anti-roll bar, 175 / 70R13 wheels, an audio system with a cassette player and four speakers, a three-spoke steering wheel. The sixth generation Corolla lineup was opened with modifications with a carburetor 1.3-liter 2E engine (73 hp). The most common and popular option was the 16-valve 5-AF engine - its volume is 1.5 liters and power is 85 hp. All-wheel drive models were equipped with a 1.6-liter “four” 4A-F rated at 91 hp The most powerful unit was the 120-horsepower 4A-GE, equipped with an injection system, a built-in self-diagnosis system (TCCS), an intake manifold T-VIS with adjustable geometry - it was placed on model 1. 6 GT (based on it was created the famous 4A-GZE with a compressor that was installed on the Corolla Levin and MR2). In 1988, the Corolla engine line was replenished with a 5A-FE unit - a 1.5-liter High-Mecha Twin Cam - it was offered only with the SE Limited EFI package. There was also an option with a 1.8-liter diesel engine with 64 hp.
The suspension of the Toyota Corolla E90 sedan includes an independent MacPherson system (struts with coil spring). An exception was all-wheel drive modifications, in which the rear suspension is dependent. The presence of a permanent all-wheel drive system with a center differential in some versions made Corolla more independent of weather or road conditions. The sports model 1.6 GT was distinguished by modified nodes of the chassis, fully disc brakes, standard 14-inch wheels. The rest had front disc brakes, rear drum brakes, a gear-rack type steering, in the basic versions the power steering was an option. The dimensions of the sixth generation Corolla body are: length 4195 mm (+ 40 mm relative to its predecessor), width 1655 mm (+ 20 mm), height 1365 mm (-20 mm). The wheelbase has not changed - 2430 mm. The turning radius was 4.9 m. Interior dimensions: 1780 x 1360 x 1150 (L x W x H). Trunk volume of a sedan is measured 440 liters. In top configurations, the rear sofa has a folding back in parts.
During the development of the sixth generation of the Corolla, the power frame, the cross-sectional shape of each element and the surfaces of the external panels were optimized - all this made it possible to create a body of increased rigidity with minimal vibration and noise. Corolla of this generation began to be primed with compositions deposited by electrodeposition, for better corrosion resistance, due to which the machines of this series retained the integrity and strength of the body longer. The standard for the Corolla E90 1987-1989 was the front three-point seat belts with height adjustment, three waist belts in the rear seats. It was possible to install special child seats. In expensive trim levels of the sedan (GT, SE), an anti-lock braking system was installed.
Toyota Corolla E90 has become more comfortable, convenient, more powerful; The well-equipped cars in this series have taken popularity to a new level. One of the important innovations can be considered the appearance of the 4WD system, which has shown its usefulness in winter conditions - in our country, these modifications have always been of great interest. The main advantage of the Corolla E90 owners call reliability, maintainability, low cost of maintenance. But over the years it is already more difficult to find spare parts, the body begins to rot, carburetor models and diesel engines are considered problematic in operation.
In August 1987, Toyota Motor began selling in the Japanese domestic market a line of all-new Corolla Van and Wagon models. Their exterior design corresponds to the previously presented Corolla E90 sedan: smoothed body lines, relatively low height. It is worth noting that the new station wagons replaced the similar models of the fourth generation (E70), which for several years continued to be produced in parallel with the fifth generation Corolla. The luggage compartment of the new Corolla Van and Wagon has become 65 mm wider and 60 mm longer to increase load capacity, and the trunk floor level has decreased by 10 mm to facilitate loading and unloading. Under the hood of the Corolla Van series are simple and unpretentious gasoline engines of 1.3 and 1.5 liters and a 1.8-liter diesel engine.
The Corolla Van E90 series was notable for its simplicity and low price. All models have black bumpers, door handles and mirror housings, the latter can be mounted on the front wings or on the doors (in more expensive GL trim levels). The most “empty” version is the Standard (STD) version, in which the car did not even have a radio (instead of a dummy), the options included heating the rear window, rear wiper. The top version in the Corolla Van line was considered the GL Extra version, which could be brought to an acceptable level of comfort due to a large number of options: electric side mirrors, a rear wiper, central locking, air conditioning, boot light, cosmetic mirrors and cup holders integrated into the center console. In 1989, the Corolla Van and Wagon were partially updated.
The Corolla Van E90 range offered the following modifications. The gasoline models included the base model with a new carbureted 12-valve 1.3-liter 2E engine (73 hp), while the 1.5-liter models were equipped with its more voluminous 3E version, which developed 79 hp. The first was equipped with a 4-speed manual transmission, the second offered a 4- or 5-speed manual or a 3- or 4-speed automatic transmission. 1C-II diesel engine - its power was 64 hp - was offered with a 5MT or 4AT transmission.
All Corolla Van E90 (1987-1991) were front-wheel drive, with MacPherson strut independent suspension and leaf-dependent rear suspension, which provided increased payload. Front mounted disc brakes, rear drum brakes, steering gear-rack type, power steering was an option. The dimensions of the body of the Corolla Van E90 are: length 4205 mm, width 1655 mm, height 1435 mm. Wheelbase 2430 mm. The turning radius was 4.8 m. In terms of spaciousness, the interior does not differ from the sedan, but the back of the Corolla Van has a folding bench, stiff and not quite comfortable. The new 4-link articulated mechanism allowed the luggage compartment to be extended by 10 mm when the cushion was tilted up normally and 60 mm when fully folded. In this case, the length of the cargo compartment increases from 900 to 1595 mm with a completely flat surface. Trunk height - 870 mm. The width is measured 1360-1380 mm, except that the wheel arches slightly reduce the internal volume - the distance between them is 1125 mm. Loading height 550 mm.
During the development of the sixth generation of the Corolla, the power frame, the cross-sectional shape of each element and the surfaces of the external panels were optimized - all this made it possible to create a body of increased rigidity with minimal vibration and noise. Corolla of this generation began to be primed with compositions deposited by electrodeposition, for better corrosion resistance, due to which the machines of this series retained the integrity and strength of the body longer. The standard for the Corolla Van E90 (1987-1991) was front three-point seat belts with height adjustment, three waist belts in the rear seats.
Toyota Corolla E90 has become more comfortable, convenient, more powerful; The well-equipped cars in this series have taken popularity to a new level. However, the utilitarian Corolla Van was made with the greatest emphasis on increased payload and economy, so in this series less attention was paid to engine performance and ride comfort. The main advantage of the Corolla E90 owners call reliability, maintainability, low cost of maintenance. But over the years it is already more difficult to find spare parts, the body begins to rot, carburetor models and diesel engines are considered problematic in operation.