Toyota Corolla in the "hundredth" body is considered one of the hits of its time. However, it would be unfair not to mention that she is the rightful heiress and the seventh generation of the famous and large family, which first saw the light of day in 1966. In our country, a massive acquaintance with Toyota Corolla took place only in the late 80s: individual right-hand drive vehicles in the back of the E 80 were brought back to the Soviet Union. A bit later the relay was intercepted by the next generation in the “ninety” body (E 90), when in the mid-90s a flood of used right-hand drive cars poured into our country literally.
At home in Japan, the "hundredth" family was not as successful as the previous one. The start of sales coincided with a recession, which affected consumer demand. Sometimes this model is called Bubble Corolla, not only because of the “washed up” forms, but also by the name of the period (“Baburu Keizai” - the economy of the “soap bubble”) in which it was produced. Nevertheless, the moment of development and the start of production of the "hundredth" model fell on the heyday of the Japanese automobile industry, resulting in one of the most reliable cars in its class. In 1995, the model topped the ADAC (German Automobile Association) reliability rating in the compact family car class: the breakdown rate for 4-year-old cars was only 5.3 per 1000 cars and 10.1 for 6-year-olds. For comparison, the same years for VW Golf are 12 and 21.8, respectively.
It should be noted that for its time Toyota Corolla did not offer any revolutionary solutions either in terms of design or equipment. The main priority was given to consumer qualities: high smoothness, good handling, comfort. Compared to the “ninetieth” family, the Corolla’s “hundredth” cabin has become a bit bigger and more comfortable. Almost all models for the domestic market were equipped with power steering, air conditioning, power accessories (except for the simplest versions of DX). In more expensive trim levels, alloy wheels, a rear spoiler, a sunroof, permanent all-wheel drive were offered. Options SE-G even had an electric driver's seat and a digital speedometer. The actual twin of Toyota Corolla is the Toyota Sprinter model, which was produced only for the domestic market and had a number of minor differences. In 1993, restyling was carried out, affecting mainly the appearance of the car.
As for the sedan, which served as the basis for the lineup, it offered a fairly rich range of engines. The gasoline 16-valve 4E-FE (1.3 liters) served as the base. The following “in the ranking” and perhaps the most common are 5A-FE (1.5 L) and 4A-FE (1.6 L). The most interesting in terms of characteristics is 4A-GE (1.6 L) for sports modifications. The Toyota Corolla also installed a 2C-III two-liter diesel engine with a fairly modest fuel consumption of 4 liters per 100 km. However, while gasoline “Toyota” engines of those years are highly reliable, a diesel engine is characterized by a number of drawbacks that worsen under improper operation and are mainly associated with overheating and cracks in the head of the unit. Of the safety features, Toyota Corolla E100 can offer three-point belts, door stiffeners, optional driver airbags and ABS. But nevertheless, in comparison with the previous generation, the level of passive safety has increased. For example, a crash test conducted in 1993 showed a more than twofold decrease in the HIC, which assesses the severity of damage to the driver's head and front passenger at the time of overload on impact. Significantly decreased and the load on the legs.
For its time, the "hundredth" Corolla has a pretty good option. The suspension is short-stroke, but rather energy-intensive. We note the high quality of materials, and in general - the legendary reliability and endurance of this model. Despite its venerable age, the "hundredth" Toyota Corolla is quoted and after more than two decades, especially specimens that, by chance, were in the only caring hands or can boast a relatively low mileage.
The history of Toyota Corolla Wagon is a thing of the past. The first Corolla model appeared in 1966, and six months later a Wagon of this brand appeared, which won a leading position in terms of sales. Since then, the car has gained popularity mainly as a "commercial" car. The 2nd (front-wheel drive) and 7th (1991) generations of Corolla were affected by the favorable economic situation of that time. The car began to be equipped with all kinds of "bells and whistles", the external design and interior improved. And the expanded interior space makes you recall the sports equipment and forget about the “commercial” car, especially when it comes to the Corolla Touring Wagon model.
All the advantages of comfort and equipment of these station wagons can be appreciated even by the name that speaks for itself - this car is perfect for traveling with the whole family. In the top-end configuration of the G Touring, the exterior of the station wagon is complemented by a stylish rear spoiler, and long and durable arches on the roof will allow you to install an additional trunk. These cars are equipped with a fully adjustable driver's seat, a full-featured dashboard, standard equipment includes a tilt-adjustable steering wheel, an electric drive for door and lock windows, electric mirrors, an air conditioner with a preset temperature was set, and an optional high-quality audio system with six speakers could be obtained. The rear seat has a separate backrest, instead of the old rigid shelf in the trunk, a curtain is now installed, which does not take up much space when removed.
For the new Corolla Touring Wagon series of passenger station wagons, the company used the DOHC 5A-FE 16-valve injection engine with 105 horsepower. Both mechanical and automatic transmissions were provided - 5- and 4-speed, respectively. The drive was carried out on the front wheels. Note that the manufacturer also attributed simplified models to the Corolla Wagon line, which were equipped with a carburetor 1.5-liter “four” type SOHC 3E series with a capacity of 79 hp. or a 2.0-liter diesel unit 2C with a capacity of 73 hp, which previously showed itself well in previous-generation sedans.
The front suspension of all Corolla Wagon E100 is independent, MacPherson strut suspension strut. The rear suspension may vary. The L touring and G touring models have independent suspension at the rear. Utility versions with a carburetor and diesel engine for unification with the Corolla Van series, the manufacturer equipped with a dependent spring rear suspension, which accordingly reduced comfort. All Corolla Wagon have a gear-rack steering, power steering is standard equipment. Combined type brakes (front disc, rear drum) are both efficient, simple and reliable. External body dimensions: length 4260-4270 mm, width 1685, height 1435-1450 mm. The Corolla E100 has an increased wheelbase compared to its predecessor - from 2430 to 2465 mm. An additional increase in the internal space is evenly distributed between the passenger part and the trunk, the volume of which is 450 liters and more than doubles if you fold the separate backs of the back sofa (for simple Corolla Wagon the back folds up completely). In the new generation of the E100, the Corolla Wagon received a safer body with protective bars in the doors, an additional brake light, three-point side belts in the rear seats and an indication lamp for an unfastened driver’s belt. The car was also equipped with a driver's airbag; a special child seat could be installed. In the maximum configuration of the G Touring Wagon, a 4-wheel anti-lock braking system appeared as a standard. "Corolla" Corolla became the undoubted success of Toyota. Touring Wagon models were highly regarded for their comfort and great looks. In the right-hand drive segment, these cars have long been considered almost an example of reliability, maintainability and that of endurance in general. But this does not negate the large number of frankly "tired" machines that may require additional investment.